Plants for both Spring & Fall
- Cornus kousa – ‘Satomi’ (Chinese Dogwood) zone 5-8. Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, acidic to neutral, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Appreciates regular moisture during hot summers. Resistant to Anthracnose. 15’-20’
- Vaccinium corybosum – (Highbush Blueberry) zone 5-8. They need acidic (pH of 4.8 to 5.2), organically rich moist, well-drained soils in full sun for best fruiting. Shallow, fibrous roots need constant moisture and good drainage. Plants appreciate a good organic acidic mulch. Cross-pollination produces the best fruit crop (larger berries and larger yields). Therefore, it is best to plant more than one variety that will bloom at the same time. 4’-8’+
- Decaisnea fargessii – (Blue Bean Tree) zone 6-9. Prefers moist soil in full sun to part-shade. Plants are self-fertile, but more fruiting with 2 or more plants. 10’-15’
- Stewartia pseduocamellia/ S. gemmata/monadelpha – zone 5 -8. Best grown in evenly moist, organically rich, well-drained loamy soil, in full sun to part shade. Slow to establish, but well worth the wait.
- Fothergilla spp. (major, gardenii) – zone 4 (5)-8. With a diversity of species that range in height from 2’ - 10+’. Grow in well-drained acidly rich soil in full sun to part-shade. It might need more moisture when planted in full sun. Will form colonies over time. Early Spring white bottle-brush flowers. Amazing fall leaf color.
- Ribes Americanum – (Blackcurrant) zone 3-5. Beautiful flowers in Spring. Underutilized species that produces fruit effortlessly. Grows in Part-Shade & Sun. Can be pruned into tree form or bush. Can be eaten out of hand, dried or made into jam. Pest resistant. Low maintenance. 5’-6’
- Chaenomeles spp. (Flowering Quince) – zone 4 (5) old fashioned, hard to kill shrub with beautiful early Spring flowers of different colors depending on the cultivar. Fairly low-maintenance shrub, with thorny branching makes a good green wall. Needs full sun but soil adaptable. 2 plants are needed for fruit
- production. Fruit cannot be eaten out of hand, and is disliked by most critters. Great for making spicy fruit preserves. Sizes vary from 4’x4’ - 12’x12’.
- Poncirus trifoliata - ‘Flying Dragon’ – (Hardy Orange) zone 6 - Hardy/tough citrus from China. Small fruit but makes delicious orangy-lemonade and marmalade. Self-fertile bush/tree 5-10 feet high. Flying dragon is a contorted type. Beautiful architectural form. Makes a formidable hedge or green wall. Big thorns, so avoid in heavily trafficked area. no pests.
Early Summer - Fall
- Asimina triloba – (Pawpaw) zone 5- Sweetest and largest American fruit. 2 trees or more for pollination. Slow growing with long tap root-so do not move after planting! Young plants need shade, old plants need full Sun. 20+ cultivars. New desirable types are Peterson Pawpaws. Can take up to 10 years for fruit. 15’-20’
- Actinida kolomikta – (Arctic Kiwi) zone 3. Arctic Kiwi, from Siberia and northern Asia, is extremely hardy. Beautiful decorative leaves, flowers & fruit. Can grow in part-shade to sun conditions. Must use support to hold rambling vines that can grow over 10’ a season. Dioecious species, 1 male plant can pollinate 6 female plants. The male plants often have spectacular leaf coloring. Tastes like commercial Kiwis but without the fuzzy skin. The fruit ripens over a long period of time in mid-Summer.
- Magnolia macrophylla – (Bigleaf Magnolia) zone (4)5 - Everything is large on this beautiful tree with the biggest simple leaves and flowers in North America. Unripened seed pods look like large artichokes, and developed seed pods are striking! Grow in moist, well drained, rich soil in full sun to part-shade. 40’-60’
- Hydrangea quercifolia – (Oakleaf Hydrangea) zone 5-9. A multi-stemmed shrub that prefers a part-shade aspect but can grow in sun if soil is moist. Flowers on old wood, and temperatures around zero or below may winter-kill branches. Many different cultivars are available with varying heights from 2’-12’ with different colored flowers ranging from green to white to pinkish-red. Great leaf color in Fall. Bloom occurs on old wood.
- Viburnum plicatum tomentosum – (Doublefile Viburnum) zone 5. A beautiful shrub that grows more wide than tall. Lovely lacecap flowers are long-lasting. Prefers moist, well drained rich soil in a full sun to part shade aspect. 12’-20’
- Mesipilus germanica – (Medlar) zone 4. Beautiful ancient low-maintenance, pest-free tree that can be grown in part-shade to Sun conditions. Large flowers look like simple white roses. Introduced to Europe in the 1600’s, cultivated for its distinct Fall-bearing fruit that needs to be bletted before eating. We leave the fruit on the tree throughout the Winter when it is soft and sweet. Tastes like cinnamon applesauce. 10’ by 10’.
- Hypericum frondosum – (St. Johnswort) zone 5. – Attractive medium-sized rounded shrub that is adaptable to most soil conditions except wet sites and does well in full sun to part-shaded conditions. Great native pollinator plant.
- Heptacodium miconioides – (Seven Sons Flower) zone 5-9. This stunning 4-season tree, multi-stemmed shrub, tolerates a wide range of soils, and does well in average, well-drained soil in full sun. The rose-pink calyces which elongate after bloom and last into late fall are a highlight of this plant. 15’-25’
Fall for Fall’s Sake
- Oxydendrum arboretum – (Sourwood) zone 6-9. This native tree likes acidic, moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Can be difficult to establish. 25’-30’
- Parrotia persica – (Persian Ironwood) zone 4-8. This underutilized tree tolerates light shade and a wide range of soil conditions, but is best grown in average to moist slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. 20’-50’
- Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) zone 4-8. Best grown in moist, rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Best foliage color is in full sun. Appreciates consistent moisture. Tolerates some wet soils. Give this tree a lot of space, can get to be 100’.
- Acer griseum – (Paperbark Maple) zone 4-8. Grows in average, slightly acidic soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Intolerant of drought. 20’-30’
- Disanthus cercidifolius – (Disanthus) zone 5-8. Slow- growing rounded shrub that likes acidic, organically rich, moist soil in shade. Tolerates full shade. Prefers locations with protection from wind. Intolerant of drought. 6’-10’
- Lindera angustifolia – (Asian Spicebush) zone 6-8. This multi-limbed shrub can be grown in average, consistently moist but well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Leaves persist on shrub throughout the Winter. 8’-10’
- Clethera spp. – (Summersweet/Pepperbush) zone 3-9 depending on species and cultivar. These wonderful native shrubs can be grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Although very adaptable it prefers part shade with consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils. Soils should not be allowed to dry out. Tolerates clay soils as well as full shade. Amazing vanilla perfumy fragrance. 2’-15'
- Callicarpa dichtoma – (Beautyberry) zone 5-8. Attractive multi-stemmed shrub that is adaptable to a full sun to a part-shaded site. Adaptable to many types of soil as long as it is well-drained. Fruits on new wood. Berries persist into Winter. 4’-6’
- Chasmanthium latifolium – (Northern Sea Oats) zone 3-8. This grass likes medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerant of poor soils, but prefers moist, fertile soils. Leave the seedheads on for Winter interest, but be mindful this grass can self-sow with abandon. 6’-10’